What’s Inside a Vehicle Tracking Device? - Fleetsmart
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What’s Inside a Vehicle Tracking Device?

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A vehicle tracking system is an excellent way for businesses to manage a large fleet of vehicles. While tracking technology may seem complicated, most trackers consist of less than six different parts.

The following guide explores not only how a vehicle tracking device works, but it’s an in-depth look at what parts it consists of and what each part does. A vehicle tracking system consists of a global positioning system (GPS) receiver, a small computer, a digital storage device and a cellular transmitter. In most cases, these components are integrated in a single box.

What Does Each Part Do?

A GPS receiver uses a network of space satellites to determine the latitude and longitude of a vehicle. In some cases, a GPS tracker will use different types of GPS technology to determine a vehicle’s location.

Several countries around the world operate their own GPS networks. The United States Global Positioning System has been in use for almost 30 years. However, it has competition from several other countries. GLONASS is a GPS system operation by Russia. While it doesn’t offer the same level of accuracy as the United States GPS system, it can still be a great tool for increased coverage.

In addition, Europe is currently building it’s Galileo GPS positioning system. While this system is still under construction, it will offer accuracy up to a few feet. China also has a GPS navigation system under development called COMPASS.

Some GPS receivers accept homing signals from a variety of networks. In urban canyons and other areas with poor GPS reception, this can be excellent way to improve location accuracy. Additionally, it allows a GPS tracker to lock onto the position of a vehicle quickly and effectively.

After determining the latitude and longitude of a vehicle, GPS vehicle trackers transmit location information to a specialised on-board computer. This computer will then store or transmit that data via a cellular signal. This will allow a fleet vehicle’s location to be monitored in real-time.

A look inside a vehicle tracking device helps you to understand the equipment you’re working with, and the accuracy of it. By using these clever devices, you can reduce risks, costs and gain control of your fleet from wherever you are.